Michael Weber: Random Bits and Pieces

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The dpans2texi tool converts the draft ANSI Common-Lisp Standard into texinfo format, suitable for reading with GNU/Emacs's info browser. I switched from HyperSpec-lookup inside Emacs with WThreeM, to Dillo some time ago and was quite happy, but so far, the texinfo version beats them both.


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Lisp Logo (by Conrad Barsky)

Coming from a functional programming background, I sometimes miss referential transparency when knocking up prototypes in Lisp. For example, in Haskell I could write:

data Point = Point{ x :: Int, y :: Int } deriving (Show)

nullPoint = Point{ x = 0, y = 0 }

nextXPoint :: Point -> Point
nextXPoint p@Point{ x = x0 } = p{ x = x0 + 1 }  -- automatically create copy of p
Main> nextXPoint nullPoint
Main> nullPoint

Behind the scenes, nextXPoint creates a shallow copy of its parameter, with adjusted field values.

In Lisp, I would need to do the copying myself, and there starts the trouble: (defstruct foo ...) automatically creates a function copy-foo, but defclass does not. So, when using CLOS I even need to write copying functions for every object myself. Quite unsatisfactory.

Fortunately, the CMU AI repository comes to the rescue with copy-objects.lisp. It even provides shallow and deep copying functions.

Unfortunately, the implementation is quite dated (1992), and so it does not run out of the box, at least not on SBCL. Kicking it a little seems to work, but I haven't tested more thoroughly yet.

--- copy_obj.cl.1	1995-06-10 01:06:43.000000000 +0200
+++ copy_obj.cl	2005-08-26 14:56:04.000000000 +0200
@@ -21,7 +21,20 @@
 (in-package :ut)
+;; hack
+(cl:defpackage "CLOS"
+  #+sbcl (:use "SB-MOP")
+  #-sbcl (:use "CLOSER-MOP")
+  (:export #:class-slots
+	   #:slot-definition-allocation
+	   #:slot-definition-name
+	   #:metaobject))
+#+(or sbcl cmucl)
+(defun delete-all (set1 set2)
+  (set-difference set2 set1))
+#+(or allegro sbcl cmucl)
 (eval-when (:compile-toplevel :load-toplevel :execute)
   (export '(instance-slot-names
@@ -30,7 +43,7 @@
+#-(or allegro sbcl cmucl)
 (eval-when (compile load eval)
   (export '(instance-slot-names
@@ -65,7 +78,7 @@
 (defmethod copy (object &key &allow-other-keys)
   (deep-copy object))
+#-(or sbcl lucid)
 ;; class metobject is not supplied by lucid clos
 (defmethod uninitialized-copy ((object clos:metaobject) &key &allow-other-keys)
   ;; metaobjects are not copied
--- copy_obj.cl.1	1995-06-10 01:06:43.000000000 +0200
+++ copy_obj.cl	2005-08-26 14:56:04.000000000 +0200
@@ -21,7 +21,20 @@
 (in-package :ut)

UPDATE 2008-07-22: Cut-Down Shallow Copy

A cut-down version which produces shallow copies only, can be found here: copy-instance.lisp

Kent Pitman parenthetically writes about what EQUAL in Lisp should do and what not.

Encrypted Disks

2005-08-25 :: /computers
via kmr:

Encrypt entire partitions of your (laptop) hard drives with DM-Crypt.

vs installed OPIE on lambda, which is extremely helpful for logging in from untrusted computers (conference computers, internet caf├ęs, etc.).

Best used in conjunction with:

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